University of Oxford

Rick van der Ploeg

Research Web Site

To appear

The risk-adjusted carbon price, American Economic Review. With Ton van den Bremer.

Are economists getting climate dynamics right and does it matter?, Journal of the Association of Environmental and Resource Economists. With Simon Dietz, Armon Rezai and Frank Venmans.

Climate policy: challenges and obstacles, chapter 18 in S. Cnossen and B. Jacobs, Tax by Design for the Netherlands, Oxford University Press, Oxford, United Kingdom.


The risk of policy tipping and stranded carbon assets, Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 100. With Armon Rezai.

Race to burn the last ton of carbon and the risk of stranded assets, European Journal of Political Economy, 64, 101915.

Stranded assets in the transition to a carbon-free economy, Annual Review of Resource Economics, 12, 281-298 With Armon Rezai.

Discounting and climate policy, Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Economics and Finance, Oxford University Press.

Economic growth and the social cost of carbon: additive versus multiplicative damages, in G. Chichilnisky and A. Rezai (eds.), Chapter 9, pp. 199-223, Handbook on the Economics of Climate Change, Edward Elgar. With Armon Rezai and Cees Withagen.


Non-cooperative and cooperative climate policies with anticipated breakthrough technology, Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 97, 42-66. With Niko Jaakkola.

Redistribution and pollution taxes with non-linear Engel curves, Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 95, 198-226. With Bas Jacobs.

The agnostic’s response to climate sceptics: price carbon!, European Economic Review, 111, 70-84. With Armon Rezai.

Pricing capital and adjusting capital to fend off climate catastrophes, Environmental and Resource Economics, 72, 1, 29-50. With Aart J. de Zeeuw.

Simple rules for climate policy and integrated assessment, Environmental and Resource Economics, 72, 1, 77-108. With Armon Rezai.

Klimaatbeleid: uitdagingen en belemmeringen, 228-237 in S. Cnossen and B. Jacobs, Ontwerp voor een Beter Belastingstelsel, ESB, Amsterdam.


Climate tipping and economic growth: precautionary capital and the social cost of carbon, Journal of the European Economic Association, 16, 5, 1577-1617. With Aart J. de Zeeuw.

Risk and the Point of No Return for Climate Action, Earth System Dynamics, 9, 1098-1985. With Matthias Aengenheyster, Qing Yi Feng and Henk A. Dijkstra.

The safe carbon budget, Climatic Change, 147, 47-59.

Breakthrough renewables and the Green Paradox, FinanzArchiv (Festschrift in honour of H.-W. Sinn), 74, 1, 52-70.

The simple arithmetic of carbon pricing and stranded assets, Energy Efficiency, 11, 3, 627-639. With Armon Rezai.

Obstacles to climate policy, Environmental Scientist, August, 9-13.

Transitional risks and the safe carbon budget, Chapter 2, 44-56 in R. Arezki, P. Bolton, K. El Aynaoui and M Obstfeld.  (eds.), Coping with the Climate Crisis: Mitigation Policies and Global Coordination Policies, International Monetary Fund, Washington, D.C and Columbia University Press, New York.

Klimaatbeleid dreigt te verzanden in de polder, 157-164 in R. Gerlagh, J.A. Smulders, D. van Soest (eds.), Preadviezen KVS.

Is there really a Green Paradox?, in R. Halvorsen (ed.), The Economics of Nonrenewable Resources, The International Library of Critical Writings in Economics, Edward Elgar, Aldershot. With Cees Withagen.


Climate policies under climate model uncertainty: max-min and min-max regret, Energy Economics, 68, S1, 4-16. With Armon Rezai.

Second-best renewable subsidies to de-carbonize the economy: commitment and the Green Paradox, Environmental and Resource Economics, 66, 3, 409-434. With Armon Rezai.

Cumulative emissions, unburnable fossil fuel, and the optimal carbon tax, Technological Forecasting & Social Change, 116, C, 216-222. With Armon Rezai.

Abandoning fossil fuel in an imperfect world: how fast and how much?, Keynote 2016 CGBCR Conference, The Manchester School, S2, e16-e44. With Armon Rezai.

Frontiers of the economics of climate change, Environmental and Resource Economics, 68, 1, 1-14. With Gerard van der Meijden and Cees Withagen.

Challenges in climate change economics, European Economic Review, 99, 1-4. With Cees Withagen.


Intergenerational inequality aversion, growth and the role of damages: Occam’s rule for the global carbon tax, Journal of the Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, 3, 2, 499-522. With Armon Rezai.

Second-best carbon taxation in the global economy: the Green Paradox and carbon leakage revisited, Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 78, 85-105

Non-cooperative and cooperative responses to climate catastrophes in the global economy: A North-South perspective, Environmental and Resource Economics, 65, 3, 519-540. With Aart J. de Zeeuw.

Climate change economics: reacting to multiple tipping points, Nature Climate Change, 6, 442-443.

Fossil fuel producers under threat, Oxford Review of Economic Policy, 32, 2, 206-222.

Potential counter-productivity of second-best climate policies, CESifo Forum, May, 30-31.

Energy modelling Post 1973, Chapter 37, pp. 255-260, in C. Gopalakrishnan (ed.), Classic Papers In Natural Resource Economics Revisited, Routledge, London and New York. With Feddersen, J., F. Habermacher and J. Imhof.

Global warming and the risk of catastrophe what to do, pp. 9-13, with A.J. de Zeeuw and Simple rules for the social cost of carbon to fight global warming, pp. 33-38, with A. Rezai in Economic Performance, Environmental Innovation, Climate and Energy Policy, SPbU, Saint Petersburg.


Battle for climate and scarcity rents: beyond the linear-quadratic case, Dynamic Games and Applications, 15, 4, 493-522. With Mark Kagan and Cees Withagen.

Global warming and the Green Paradox: a review of adverse effects of climate policy, Review of Environmental Economics and Policy, 9, 2, 285-303. With C. Withagen.

Green Havens and Pollution Havens, The World Economy, 38, 7, 1159-1178. With S. Poelhekke.

International capital markets, oil producers and the Green Paradox, European Economic Review, 76, 275-297. With G. van der Meijden and C. Withagen.

Robustness of a simple rule for the social cost of carbon, Economics Letters, 132, 48-55. With A. Rezai.

Untapped fossil fuel and the Green Paradox: a classroom calibration of the optimal carbon tax, Environmental Economics and Policy Studies, 17, 2, 185-210.


Growth, renewables and the optimal carbon tax, International Economic Review, 55, 1, 283-311. With C. Withagen.

Abrupt positive feedback and the social cost of carbon, European Economic Review, 67, 28-41.

Climate Policy and Non-Renewable Resources – The Green Paradox and Beyond (eds.), MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass., 328 pp. With  K. Pittel and C. Withagen.


Cumulative carbon emissions and the Green Paradox, Annual Review of Resource Economics, 5, 281-300.

Green Growth, Green Paradox and the global economic crisis, Environmental Innovation and Societal Transitions, 6, 116-119. With C. Withagen.

On the relevance of Green Paradoxes, Research in Management Economics and Finance, October. With C. Withagen.


Too much coal, too little oil, Journal of Public Economics, 96, 62-77. With C. Withagen.

Is there really a Green Paradox?, Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 64, 3, 342-363. With C. Withagen.

How to design a carbon tax, 27-48 in R. de Mooij, I.W.H. Parry and M. Keen (eds.), Fiscal Policy to Mitigate Climate Change – A Guide for Policymakers, IMF, Washington, D.C. With I.W.H. Parry and R. Williams. oxcarrepp201214 Pubs/ books/2012/climate/climate.pdf


International aspects of pollution control, 17-29 in C. Mason and E. Bulte (eds.), Environmental Economics (Critical Concepts in the Environment), Routledge, Abingdon. With A.J. de Zeeuw.


Tax reform, structural unemployment and the environment, 379-396 in L.H. Goulder (ed.), Environmental Policy Making in Economies with Prior Tax Distortions, New Horizons in Environmental Economics, Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, U.K. With A.L. Bovenberg.


Environmental policy, tax incidence, and the cost of public funds. Environmental and Resource Economics, 13, 2, 187-207. With J.E. Ligthart.


Tax reform, structural unemployment and the environment, The Scandinavian Journal of Economics, 100, 3, 593-610. With A.L. Bovenberg.

Consequences of environmental tax reform for involuntary unemployment and welfare, Environmental and Resource Economics, 12, 137-150. With A.L. Bovenberg.


Optimal taxation, public goods and environmental policy with involuntary unemployment, Journal of Public Economics, 62, 59-83.


Fiscal and environmental policy under monopolistic competition, De Economist, 143, 2, 217‑248. With B. Heijdra.

Environmental quality, public finance and sustainable growth, 141-174 in C. Carraro and J.A. Filar (eds.), Control and Game-Theoretic Models of the Environment, Birkhäuser, Cambridge, Ma. With J.E. Ligthart.


Environmental policy, public finance and the labour market in a second-best world, Journal of Public Economics, 55, 349-390. With A.L. Bovenberg. sciencedirect

Pollution, the cost of public funds and endogenous growth, Economics Letters, 46, 351-361. With J.E. Ligthart.

Green policies and public finance in a small open economy, The Scandinavian Journal of Economics, 96, 3, 343-363. With A.L. Bovenberg.

Environmental policy, public goods and the marginal cost of public funds, The Economic Journal, 104, 423, 444-454. With A.L. Bovenberg.

Sustainable growth and renewable resources in the global economy, chapter 2.5, 259-280 in C. Carraro (ed.), Trade, Innovation, Environment, Kluwer, Dordrecht. With J. Ligthart.

Investment in clean technology and transboundary pollution control, chapter 2.3, 229-240 in C. Carraro (ed.), Trade, Innovation, Environment, Kluwer, Dordrecht. With A.J. de Zeeuw.


Direct crowding out, optimal taxation and pollution abatement, Economics Letters, 43, 83-93. With A.L. Bovenberg.


International aspects of pollution control, Environmental and Resource Economics, 2, 117-139. With A.J. de Zeeuw.


Difference games and policy evaluation: A conceptual frame­w­ork, Oxford Economic Papers, 43, 612-636. With A.J. de Zeeuw.

A differential game of international pollution control, Systems and Control Letters, 17, 409-414. With A.J. de Zeeuw.

Pollution control and the Ramsey problem, Environmental and Resource Economics, 1, 215‑236. With C. Withagen.

Environmental Policy and the Economy, Contributions to Economic Analysis, Volume 206 (eds.), North-Holland, Amsterdam, xiv+331 pp. With F.J. Dietz and J. van der Straaten.

Environmental policy in the economy: An introduction, Chapter 1, 1-16 in F.J. Dietz et al. (eds.), Environmental Policy and the Economy, North-Holland, Amsterdam. With F.J. Dietz and J. van der Straaten.